As in Hong Kong, Macau has its own immigration policies and is a separate customs territory from mainland China. Travellers between Macau and mainland China need to go through immigration and customs checks. Flights between Macau and mainland China are therefore treated as international flights.
The airport was opened in November 1995, during Portuguese rule. Before then the territory only had 2 temporary airports for small aeroplanes, in addition to several permanent heliports. Cathay Pacific operated seaplane service between Hong Kong and Macau in the late 1940s. The only air services Macau had in the 1990s were helicopter services operated by East Asia Airlines to Hong Kong.
Facilities in Macau:
* Seaplane hangar on Taipa Island
* Macau Naval Aviation Centre in the Outer Harbour - southeast side of the mainland
* Temporary airstrip on Coloane
* Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Pier, Macau heliport
The airport's runway was built on a strip of reclaimed land in the sea, adjacent to Taipa Island, where the main terminal and air traffic control facilities are located. The runway is connected to the apron by two causeways. Runway 34 is CAT II equipped.
The airport's designed capacity is 6,000,000 passengers per year, with processing capacity of up to 2,000 passengers per hour. The airport does not have a night curfew. There are 24 parking spaces for aircraft in the apron, with 4 jetways.
Despite its small physical size, the airport is capable of handling Boeing 747s, which forms a vital freight link between local manufacturers and overseas markets. Its catering facility can produce up to 10,000 meals per day.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines serve Macau International Airport:
*China Eastern Airlines
*East Star Airlines
*Jetstar Asia Airways
*Spirit of Manila
The following cargo airlines serve Macau International Airport :
*EVA Air Cargo
*Shanghai Airlines Cargo
*Singapore Airlines Cargo
The following airlines previously served Macau International Airport: